Essay:The influence of Confucianism in China™
Confucius is the founder of Confucianism, which is not only one of the main part of Chinese culture, but also the representative of the traditional Chinese culture. The Analects is the most important Confucian classics, as well as the most basic book to understand the Confucius™ thoughts and learn Confucianism and traditional Chinese culture.
Confucius (551-479 B.C.) is a great thinker, educator in the late Spring and Autumn period, and the founder of the Confucian school. Confucius is the first generation and great master of the core theories of Chinese culture—the Confucianism. Confucianism originated from the Spring and Autumn period, and has become Chinese social legitimacy thoughts since Han Dynasty. It has been more than two thousand and five hundred years since Confucius time. Along with the change and development of the whole society, Confucianism is also in constant change and development in terms of content, form and social function. Confucianism treats Confucius as the master, so it is also known as Confucius school, it is an ideology that has great influence to China and Oriental civilization and lasts till today, and some other scholars think that Confucianism is a kind of religion centered on human beings.
Confucian classics were formed in the era of Confucius, but different times have total different interpretations on the Confucian classics, so it is difficult to make a well-rounded definition to the Confucianism. Confucianism in essence is social ethics and social management, or religious ethics interpretation, but it is not religious itself. Confucianism basically adheres to the legislation principle of compatible and respectful, maintains rule of rites, advocates rule of virtue, and attaches importance to rule by people. Confucian ideas had a great influence on the feudal society, and were considered as the orthodox ideology by the feudal rulers for a long time.
The Analects is one of the Confucian classics, which is compiled by Confucius™ disciples. The book consists of twenty chapters, and finished in the spring and autumn period and the warring states period. It mainly adopted sayings and dialogues to record the words and deeds of Confucius and his disciples, embodied Confucius™ political views, logical thoughts, moral concepts and educational principles, etc. The Analects says: A state should be ruled on a moral basis.
For over 2,000 years since the Han Dynasty, every ruler has had to pay at least some heed to this, and the people also expected their ruler to act accordingly. Developing his ideas further, Confucius said: Regulated by the edicts and punishments, the people will know only how to stay away out of trouble, but will not have a sense of shame. Guided by virtues and the rites, they will not only have a sense of shame, but also know how to correct their mistakes of their own accord. This philosophy concerning the relationship between politics and morality formed the basis for the Confucian school™s emphasis on moral education. Characteristics of Confucianism, this idea later became a distinguishing feature of Oriental or East Asian culture realm under the influence of Confucianism. His teaching also includes guides on social relationships. ?-Z?